Sporadic bleeding or swelling of the gums can be the result of brushing too hard or wearing ill- fitting devices. However, if you are experiencing re-occurring bleeding gums, this can be a sign of a more serious matter, most commonly Gingivitis or Periodontitis (gum disease).
Bleeding gums are commonly caused by either gingivitis or periodontitis.
Gingivitis is the inflammation of gums. Gingivitis develops if plaque stays on teeth, especially accumulation around the gum line, for too long. This is commonly a result of not brushing and flossing regularly.
Periodontitis is gum disease. Periodontitis may be an advancement of gingivitis. It is an infection of the gums that may also include the jawbone and surrounding tissue. Periodontitis is a serious condition that can lead to tooth loss.
Less commonly, bleeding gums may be caused by vitamin deficiencies and other medical conditions. The only way to understand your gums is through a thorough examination from a qualified health professional.